With over two hundred diseases spread through the food chain, it's clear that safe, sustainable food production is one of our greatest challenges. Globalization of the food trade further complicates food safety and the new edition of ISO 22000 on food safety management systems presents a timely response.
The ISO 22000 family
In addition to ISO 22000 redaction, other standards were created, such as ISO 22004 "Guidance on the application of ISO 22000", ISO 22005 "Traceability in the Feed and Food Chain" and also technical specifications by sector, these include farming, food manufacturing, catering, packaging, and feed and animal food production.
Currently, according to ISO Survey data, there are approximately 33,000 organizations worldwide that are ISO 22000 certified.
Aimed at all organizations in the food and feed industries, regardless of size or sector, ISO 22000:2018, Food Safety Management Systems (FSMS) - Requirements for any organization in the food chain, translates food safety management into a continuously improving process. It takes a precautionary approach to food safety by helping to identify, prevent and reduce foodborne hazards in the food and feed chains.
Key changes in ISO 22000:2018
These are some of the key changes to consider:
1) Changes due to the adoption of HLS
Business Context and interested parties; Strengthened emphasis on leadership and management commitment; Risk management; Strengthened focus on objectives as drivers for improvements; Extended requirements related to communications; Less strict requirements for a food safety manual.
2) Other changes that are specific to ISO 22000 and food safety management
The PDCA cycle; The scope now specifically includes animal food; Some important changes in the definitions; Communicating the food safety policy; Food Safety Management System Objectives; Control of externally-provided processes, products or services.
Benefits of Implementation
- Improved Health & Safety: Minimizing food risks leads to better health and safety outcomes for customers, other users, employees and others who may come into contact with food.
- Improved Customer Satisfaction: Having an FSMS helps you reliably deliver products that meet customer expectations.
- Help Meeting Regulatory Requirements: Compliance with regulatory requirements is required to achieve certification to ISO 22000. Having an FSMS in place can help companies meet these requirements and understand how they impact the organization and its customers.
- Help Meeting Other Standards & Guidelines: ISO 22000 links to various other international standards and guidelines and can help organizations meet the requirements of these systems as well.
- Enhanced Tranparency: ISO 22000 helps organizations improve the traceability of their products and achieve greater transparency regarding operations.
- Improved Response to Risks: Having an FSMS in place can help organizations respond more quickly and efficiently to issues that may compromise food safety, helping them stop potential contamination before it occurs.
- Reduced Investigation Time: If contamination does occur, an FSMS helps organizations reduce the time it takes to investigate any food safety breaches, solving the problem faster..
ISO 22000 is made of up 10 sections known as Clauses. As with most other ISO management system standards, the requirements of ISO 22000 that need to be satisfied are specified in Clauses 4.0 - 10.0.
Unlike most other ISO management system standards, an organization must comply with all of these requirements; this means they cannot declare one or more clauses as being not applicable to them. In ISO 22000, in addition to Clauses 4.0- 10.0 there is a further set of requirements detailed mostly in Clause 8, which include the HACCP principles as per Codex Alimentarius. This is considered the core of the system as well as the operational level of the FSMS.
Process and Risk-based thinking:
In addition to making ISO 22000 and the resulting FSMS easier to integrate with other ISO management systems, the new version of the standard also introduces the Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle and risk-based thinking. By combining PDCA and risk-based thinking to manage business risk with HACCP to identify, prevent and control food safety hazards, ISO 22000 helps organizations to reduce exposure to risk and improve safety
This combines both organizational and operational risk management into one management system. Organizationally, this approach provides the opportunity to consider all the different things that might impact your company, both good and bad. This allows you to prioritize the objectives of your FSMS so that it is implemented in a way that can accommodate the effects of these risks. On the operational side, risk-based thinking and implementation is based on the principles of HACCP that are often associated with food safety management.
The potential benefits of combining risk-based thinking, PDCA and the process approach include:
- Focussing your FSMS and activities on higher-risk processes;
- Understanding how processes within your organization are interdependent;
- More effective use of resources;
- Improved agility in meeting the requirements of new customers and/or meet new requirements established by existing customers.
Audit & Training support:
Dynamic Strategies provides professional management system certification and audit related training courses, to help clients to improve their management system with effective audits.